- circa 6000 BC
Britain became an island.
- 2500 BC
Start of the Bronze Age.
- circa 4000 BC
Evidence of farming. First pottery made; burial of the dead in artificial hills called barrows.
- 700 BC - AD 43
A clan of Iron Age Britons lived in the area of the future Caistor, around their chief’s hill fort at Yarborough. They were farmers, clearing the forest, growing crops and raising pigs. They buried their dead in earth mounds called tumuli, some of which survived (at the bottom of Navigation Lane) until 1798.
- 55 BC
Julius Caesar landed in Kent but was driven back by the Britons.
- 70 BC
The Corieltauvi was the tribe in Lincolnshire. They introduced coins to the area.
- 700 BC
Start of the Iron Age.
- 300 AD
A fortified Roman town was established here.
‘Ceaster’ lived on as a village, colonised by people arriving from mainland Europe.
Rowena, Hengist’s daughter, was married to Vortigern at Caistor.
- 43 AD
Roman invasion of Britain.
- 410 AD
The Romans left Britain. Tribes of Angles and Saxons began to colonise England. The pattern of modern villages and towns was established at this time.
Anglo Saxon pot found in the Caistor area
The Treaty of Wedmore established the boundaries between Wessex, Mercia and the Danelaw (which included Lincolnshire).
The whole of England was unified.
The first Christian church was built at Caistor.
The ‘Battle of Caistor’: Egbert, King of Wessex, defeated Wycklaff, King of Mercia.
A Royal Mint was set up at Caistor. It made coins for English Kings until 1030.
Caistor was a royal manor.
Hago, brother of William the Conqueror, became Lord of the Manor.
Caistor mentioned in Domesday Book.
King Stephen fortified his castle at Caistor.
Norman invasion of England.
Domesday book completed.
Caistor was an important centre for wool.
- 1317 - 1322
Millions died in Europe-wide famine and plague.
Lincolnshire Rising. Commissioners meet at Caistor.
The Lord of the Manor was Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth I.
Caistor was held by the Maddison family.
Henry V defeated the French at Agincourt.
Henry Tudor defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth.
Elizabeth I began her reign.
- 1455 - 1485
Wars of the Roses.
Early Modern Caistor
Open fields, previously farmed by many locals, were converted to sheep pasture under the Lord of the Manor.
The Grammar School was founded by Francis Rawlinson, rector of South Kelsey.
The Talbot Inn was built on the site of the Roman cemetery.
The Pilgrim Fathers set sail for America.
English Civil War.
The Vicarage, Sessions Hall, Butter Market and the original Town Hall were all built.
Fire! A fire started in the house of John Sheriffe. Most of the town’s timber-framed houses were destroyed.
Caistor House, the first brick building after the fire, was completed.
End of the Civil War. Charles II crowned.
Great Fire of London.
Bank of England was established.
- circa 1700
There was a paper mill in Caistor, The Church receives a rent of 6s.0d for Paper Mill Close.
Extremely cold winter; the Parish started paying ‘sickness benefits’.
Act of Union between England and Scotland.
Sir Robert Walpole became the first British prime minister.
A cattle plague hits the region.
- circa 1730
Start of the Agricultural Revolution.
Methodist preachers began their mission to the poor of England.
Start of the turnpike road from Brigg to Caistor.
Methodism came to Caistor.
War began between Britain and France.
The open field system was abolished. The Caistor land was allocated to a few landowners and the modern pattern of hedged fields was established.
Mobs opposed the officers recruiting for the Napoleonic Wars.
Declaration of Independence of America from Britain.
- 1789 - 1815
French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars.
Samuel Turner appointed as Curate for Caistor and Rector of Rothwell. He did not set a good example to his flock. His sister, Mary, the future grandmother of the poet, Alfred Tennyson, wrote to their mother on several occasions, bewailing her brother’s keeping the company of ‘Wolves’
Caistor Society for Industry was started. In 1836 it became Caistor Union Workhouse.
Caistor Navigation Canal opened. Intended to export agricultural produce, it never reached the town.
Hand loom weaving in Caistor ended with the introduction of factory production elsewhere.
- circa 1800
Start of the Industrial Revolution.
Caistor Savings Bank and Wm. Ingelow’s Bank were both established.
The Luddites – a movement opposed to the industrial revolution – formed.
John Todd, chairmaker, set up business in Caistor.
Stockton & Darlington Railway opened.
“ The buying of Caistor’s Race Course and the cutting up of this area into allotments for the poor by Sir Culling Eardley Smith should be seen as cultural change.”
Primitive Methodists, built West Gate Chapel, enlarged it in1868; as seen today. Closed as a Chapel in 1966.
‘Tolpuddle Martyrs’ transported to Australia for starting the first workers’ union
Queen Victoria began her reign.
A Congregational Chapel and a new Wesleyan Methodist Chapel were built. By this date there were two banks and five fire and life assurance offices in Caistor.
The railway came as close to Caistor as it could – a branch of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway reached Moortown, about 3 miles away.
The Band of Hope (junior branch of the Teetotallers) was active. They had been “the means of redeeming several inveterate drunkards...”
Caistor got its police station.
Caistor Gas Works was opened.
Largest sheep fair in England held; 60,000 sheep sold. Held at the Fleece Inn.
The Parish Church of St. Peter and St. Paul was restored in the Victorian style.
Post Office Savings scheme was started.
- 1861 - 1865
American Civil War, between the Confederate States, in which slavery had been abolished, and the Southern ‘slave states’.
First Farm Workers’ Union, the Caistor Labourers’ Protection Society, was formed.
8 year old William Maddison, was charged with doing wilful damage to a wall. To pay 12/6 or one day imprisonment.
Soup kitchens opened in Caistor to feed the starving rural population.
School Boards were introduced.
Agricultural depression throughout Britain.
First mention of a football club at Caistor.
A new fire engine was bought for £163.7.0d There were 13 fireman and the Captain was Charles Parker. The call out fee was £3.
Lindsey County Council created.
Caistor Parish Council created.
Caistor’s new parish pump was dedicated in celebration of the Jubilee.
Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.
Caistor’s first motor bus started running to and from Grimsby.
Churchyard closed for burials
Queen Victoria died and was succeeded by Edward VII.
- 1914 - 1918
Local men fought in the war and many never returned.
- 1914 - 1918
The Great War.
The council estate houses were built on Whitegate Hill.
Nettleton ironstone mines re-opened to supply ore to the new steelworks at Scunthorpe. Eric Famery was the last manager.
Television was first demonstrated by John Logie Baird.
Wall Street Crash sparked the Great Depression.
Caistor Yarborough School was built and named after John Edward Pelham, the 7th Earl of Yarborough. Gas street lighting was installed in the market place. Caistor by-pass opened, previously all traffic had to go through the narrow town centre streets.
- 1939 - 1945
World War II.
RAF Caistor opened. It was a relief airfield for RAF Kirton in Lindsey. Its grass runways and location in the Wolds meant that it was used mainly for daytime training. Based here were 264 Squadron, 15(P) Advanced Flying Unit and 53 OTU. Flying from RAF Caistor ended in 1944.
National Health Service was started.
Primary school becomes first joint school in England when C of E and Methodist schools combine.
RAF Caistor re-opened as a Thor nuclear missile base. It closed finally in 1963.
- 1950 - 1960
Caistor went on to the ‘mains drainage’ – people’s old earth closets were replaced with WCs.
Elizabeth II succeeded to the throne.
The Catholic Church was built for the Irish families who had arrived as farm labourers after the war.
Caistor Rural District Council opened new offices in Southdale.
The death penalty was abolished.
Caistor Parish Council becomes Caistor Town Council.
Rural District Council (RDC) move to Gainsborough.
North Sea Oil exploitation began.
Cherry Valley launched their first crispy Peking duck frozen ready meal. Cherry Valley founded in 1959 by Sir Joseph Nickerson, one of the largest employers in Caistor area after decline of Farming.
Humber Bridge opened.
Coal Miners’ strike began.
Caistor hospital closed.
Sealord food processing plant established. A New Zealand owned company, processing fresh and frozen fish from the northern hemisphere. Large employer of local people.
Montessori School opened in converted old Fleece Inn building.
Additional £270,000 granted by LCC to restore the town’s market place.
- 2001 - 2010
Town Heritage Initative set up. £1.6 million in grants raised to renovate the historical Caistor town centre.
Foot and mouth disease raged through English farmland.
The Co-op supermarket opens in converted Talbot Inn, Roman cemetery found in car park.
28 Plough Hill, Caistor Arts and Heritage Centre opened in this building on 11th April 2011.